Art & Design: Marcel Breuer

As one of the youngest students to attend the newly established Bauhaus school of design at age 19, Marcel Breuer-hungarian architect and furniture designer is best known for using tubular steel bending technology as a structural frame to support his iconic chair designs (Wassily) originally inspired by bicycle frames. The chair became an instant success leading Breuer to teach at the school and subsequently developed his own architectural firm in Berlin. Although Breuer spear-headed many projects, he often collaborated with other designers. Major commissions include the Whitney Museum in New York and UNESCO in Paris. 

Initially, a devoted champion of the international style of design in which he utilized steel and glass, he later consecutively adopted concrete in the emergence of brutalism. Breuer applied rational design principles to modern technology components and materials fundamentally demonstrating the ideals of art meets industry discovering new and innovative ways of expressive forms of three-dimensional design. He maintained that polished impeccable lines are essential for modern living. Breuer is considered to be one of the most important and influential architects of the modern age. 

“Modern architecture is not a style, its an attitude.” -Marcel Breuer

Marcel Breuer with Walter Gropius, Chamberlain Cottage, Wayland, Massachusetts, 1940

“I am as much interested in the smalles detail as in the whole structure.”

-Marcel Breuer

Black Wassily Chair White Wassily Chair Cowhide Wassily Chair MDF Side Table S 35 L Sled base leather Armchair S 35 LV Sled base Cowhide arm chair S 35 LH Leather Foot stool Cesca Chair S285 Writing Desk Breuer Long Chair

Farnsworth House By Mies Van Der Rohe

“Nature, too, shall live its own life. We must beware not to disrupt it with the color of our houses and interior fittings. Yet we should attempt to bring nature, houses, and human beings together into a higher unity.”- Ludwig Mies van der Rohe

The Farnsworth house was built between 1945 and 1951 commissioned by Dr. Edith Farnsworth as an isolated floating weekend retreat on a 1,500 square ft, 10-acre land centrally located in the woodlands of Plano, Illinois and adjacent to Fox River to the south.

The single-story house consists of steel columns which provide structural support and lifts the house 5 feet 3 inches off the ground contingent upon the inevitable occurrence of flooding; therefore the ground floor platform was elevated. The wide steps carefully ascend up to the top of the entrance. With an open floor plan and ground-to-ceiling glass pavilion windows revealing breath-taking views which reflect the very nature it surrounds exposing the relationship between the house and its landscape.

The project demonstrates Mies’s theory in exploring the conformity between human beings, the home and our connection to the natural world while adapting to the modern era of technology. Within the home, the transformative space confronts the individual’s quest for higher consciousness in a tranquil atmospheric setting illuminated by its natural surroundings. A remarkable framework of true artistic design and expression that emphasizes Mies’s concept of minimalism and simplicity of living of nature in pure form. The structure itself embodies that very idea.